Optics is the physical science that studies the origin and propagation of light, how it changes, what effects it produces, and other phenomena associated with it. This "Optics Timeline" highlights important events and developments in the science of optics from prehistory to the beginning of the 21st century. It also includes related developments in other fields and related milestones in the human worldview.
A. A. Michelson
Robert Andrews Millikan
A A Michelson
C Francis Jenkins (US) and John Logie Baird (England)
Both patented the concept of using hollow pipes to transmit images for television and facsimile systems.
C. Francis Jenkins
Applies for US patent on a mechanical television receiver in which light passes along quartz rods in a rotating drum to form an image.
Clarence W. Hansell
Paul Adrien & Maurice Dirac
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Indian physicist Chandrasekhara Raman observes that when light passes through a transparent substance, some of the light is deflected and changes in wavelength. This will eventually be called Raman scattering, a result of the Raman effect.
Rudolph W. Landenburg
Frederid E. Ives
Edward H. Synge
Proposes a new type of optical microscope that would bypass the classical diffraction limit.
Creates a new kind of polarizing material in a plastic sheet.