Optical engineers design precision optical systems for cameras, telescopes, or lens systems. They determine the required specifications and make adjustments to calibrate and fine-tune optical devices.
Optical engineers perform research as necessary so as to be able to perform their specific job appropriately. They plan the development and design of gas and solid state lasers, infrared, masers, and other light emitting and light sensitive devices. They are a specific type of engineer that deals with the optical diagnostics, so they may be involved with laser surgery type of work in their role. This is a mix between engineering and physics as both disciplines are imperative to this job.
Bachelor’s degree in engineering. You should have a concentration or emphasis in physics or optics if your school offers it.